THE ARTICLE IN CATALAN

One of the features of the Catalan language is the coexistence of two sets of articles: el pa, es pa ('the bread') for the masculine words; la casa, sa casa ('the house') for the feminine words. The first type of articles (el/la) is the most widely used; the second type (es/sa) is more frequent in the colloquial language of all the Balearic Islands and of some areas of the Costa Brava, in Catalonia. Even so, the use of the articles es/sa does not exclude the use of el/la in some specific words and expressions: la mar ('the sea'), el món ('the world'), són les dues ('it's two o'clock'), etc. In the formal language only el/la can be used. Thus, this is the set of articles used in A l'abast. The group of articles used in the colloquial language is far more complex and presents variations in some towns and areas. Informal talks with native speakers, however, will help the learner become familiar with these articles.